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MICROPLASTICS & THE GALÁPAGOS PENGUIN

Are Microplastics Accumulating in the Foodweb of the Endangered Galápagos Penguin?

Modelling Microplastics Bioaccumulation and Biomagnification potential in the Galápagos Archipelago

Are Microplastics Accumulating in the Foodweb of the Endangered Galápagos Penguin?

AUTHORS

KARLY MCMULLEN

MSc Student
Ocean Pollution Research Unit (OPRU), Institute for the Oceans and Fisheries (IOF), University of British Columbia (UBC)

DR. EVGENY PAKHOMOV

Supervisor
Principal Investigator of Marine Zooplankton & Micronekton Lab, IOF & EOAS, UBC

DR. JUAN JOSÉ ALAVA

Supervisor
Principal Investigator of OPRU, IOF, UBC

REFERENCES

MODEL METHODS

Alava, J. J. (2020). Modeling the Bioaccumulation and Biomagnification Potential of Microplastics in a Cetacean Food web of the Northeastern Pacific: A Prospective Tool to Assess the Risk Exposure to Plastic Particles. Frontiers in Marine Science, 7, 793. https://doi.org/10.3389/fmars.2020.566101

Christensen, V. and Walters, C.J. (2004). Ecopath with Ecosim: methods, capabilities and limitations. Ecological modelling, 172(2-4), 109-139. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolmodel.2003.09.003

EXISTING EWE MODELS FOR GALÁPAGOS WATERS AVAILABLE THROUGH ECOBASE

Okey T.A., Banks S., Born A.F., Bustamante R.H., Calvopiña M., Edgar G.J., Espinoza E., Fariña J.M., Garske L.E., Reck G.K., Salazar S., Shepherd S., Toral-Granda V., & Wallem P. (2004). A trophic model of a Galápagos subtidal rocky reef for evaluating fisheries and conservation strategies. Ecological Modelling 172 (2-4): 383-401. 10.1016/j.ecolmodel.2003.09.019

Ruiz DJ, Banks S, Wolff M. (2016) Elucidating fishing effects in a large-predator dominated system: The case of Darwin and Wolf Islands (Galápagos). Journal of Sea Research 107 (2): 1-11. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.seares.2015.11.001

SUPPORTING LITERATURE CITED IN PRESENTATION

Cole, M., Lindeque, P., Halsband, C., & Galloway, T. S. (2011). Microplastics as contaminants in the marine environment: A review. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 62(12), pp. 2588-2597. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpolbul.2011.09.025

Eriksen, M., Lebreton, L. C., Carson, H. S., Thiel, M., Moore, C. J., Borerro, J. C., et al. (2014). Plastic pollution in the world's oceans: more than 5 trillion plastic pieces weighing over 250,000 tons afloat at sea. PloS one, 9(12), e111913. 

https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0111913


Galgani, F., Fleet, D., Van Franeker, J. A., Katsanevakis, S., Maes, T., Mouat, J., et al. (2010). Task group 10 report: marine litter. Marine Strategy Framework Directive. JRC, IFREMER & ICES.  10.2788/86941

Jambeck, J. R., Geyer, R., Wilcox, C., Siegler, T. R., Perryman, M., Andrady, A., et al. (2015). Plastic waste inputs from land into the ocean. Science, 347(6223), 768-771. DOI: 10.1126/science.1260352

Kane, I. A., Clare, M. A., Miramontes, E., Wogelius, R., Rothwell, J. J., Garreau, P., & Pohl, F. (2020). Seafloor microplastic hotspots controlled by deep-sea circulation. Science, 368(6495), 1140-1145. DOI: 10.1126/science.aba5899

PlasticEurope. (2019). Plastics - the Facts 2019. https://www.plasticseurope.org/en/resources/publications/1804-plastics-facts-2019 

Ryan, P. G. (2015). A Brief History of Marine Litter Research. In Bergman M., Gutow L., & Klages M. (Eds.) Marine Anthropogenic Litter (pp.27-76). Springer Open, University of Gothenburg. 


Thompson, R. C., Olsen, Y., Mitchell, R. P., Davis, A., Rowland, S. J., Anthony W. G. John, et al. (2004). Lost at Sea: Where Is All the Plastic? Science, 304(5672), 838– 838. Retrieved from JSTOR. DOI: 10.1126/science.1094559

Wright, S. L., Thompson, R. C., & Galloway, T. S. (2013). The physical impacts of microplastics on marine organisms: a review. Environmental pollution, 178, 483-492. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envpol.2013.02.031

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION

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COLLABORATORS

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